Usnea angulataAch. Syn. meth. lich. (Lund): 307 (1814). Usnea paradoxa Motyka, Lich. Gen. Stud. Monogr. Pars. Sys. 2: 482 (1938), cited by Motyka as Usnea paradoxa (Zahlbr.) Motyka (see Lendemer & Tavares 2003)
Short Description. A pendulous species particularly well characterized by its conspicuously alate branches made up from trapezoidal segments; detailed descriptions in Herrera-Campos et al. (1998), Ohmura (2001) and Herrera-Campos (2016).
Ecology and distribution. A temperate to subtropical species with worldwide distribution (North and South America, Africa, East Asia and Oceania; see Truong 2012 and Truong et al. 2013b); in Galapagos first reported by Weber (1986) as U. paradoxa based on material collected originally by Kastdalen (the material in B was either collected by Follmann himself at the same site, or it is possibly a duplicate from the Weber exsiccatae).
Notes. Being distributed by Weber (1981; Lich. Exs. no. 366: as U. paradoxa) as an exsiccatae the species must have been, at the time, unusually abundant at its historic collection site. The exact locality where these specimens were collected remains unknown. When Weber visited Galapagos, the area was locally known as “Las Casitas” (on the specimen packets also called the “tortoise reserve”). Weber (1986: 487) suggests that the specimens were collected near “the tortoise ponds”, where the NationalPark at the time maintained two small cabins (0°41'21.3''S, 90°24'53.2''W). These buildings are today abandoned. Despite repeated, intensive surveys, during which we discovered the only known record of U. deformis, we nevertheless were unable to re-discover U. angulata. With its conspicuously alate branches made up from trapezoidal segments the species can hardly be overlooked or confused. These historically documented populations from the archipelago are therefore now presumed extinct. This may surprise since on the continent, U. angulata has been reported as widely distributed, in a broad range of habitats, from the seashore to above the timberline (Truong et al. 2013b). The species is nevertheless often locally restricted and possibly more common in undisturbed, but open habitats. It is conceivable that the vegetation around the now abandoned Galapagos “tortoise reserve” is today much more shaded and closed than at the time when Weber collected the material.