Westover Air Reserve Base, Chicopee, Hampden County
Authors: Elizabeth Kneiper, Philip May, Elisabeth Lay & Linda Berard.
Citation: Kneiper, E., May, P.F., Lay, E. & Berard, L. 1995. Report submitted on February 28, 1995 to The Nature Conservancy acting through the Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program under contract number: MAHER PS-94-04

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Families: 24
Genera: 53
Species: 104
Total Taxa: 105

Page 1 of 1: 1

Infrequent, On granite monument and low sandstone garden wall along building (site 60); E. Lay 94-0250 [NY], E. Lay 94-0242 [FH]
Infrequent, On cement of building foundation (site 86), on moist cement rubble in wooded area (sites 17, 87); on chunk of discarded mortar in railroad bed (site 40); E. Lay 94-0265 [FH]
Less frequent, On Populus (sites 6, 17, 18, 24, 25, 51); dead Prunus (sites 17, 24); snag (site 17); and Vaccinium corymbosum (sites 51, 59); E. Lay 94-0112 [NY], E. Lay 94-0008 [NY], E. Lay 94-0113 [NY], E. Lay 94-0067 [NY], more...
Less frequent, On Populus deltoides (sites 6, 17, 18); Pinus twig (site 57); leather (site 60); and Juniperus (site 96)
Infrequent, On discarded concrete pipe (site 57)
Infrequent, Base of Quercus (site 16); snag (site 16); Acer (site 20); Populus (site 20); and on stump (site 27); P. F. May 1481 [FH], P. F. May 1492 [FH]
Infrequent, On shaded concrete rubble (sites 10, 50); P. F. May 1261 [FH]
Infrequent, Found once on dump moss mat against a building foundation (site 86)
Infrequent, On Populus deltoides (site 18)
Infrequent, On lignin and base of Quercus (sites 56, 58) and on Rhus (site 95); E. Lay 94-0111 [FH]
Infrequent, On Populus deltoides (sites 16, 17, 24 and 51); snag (site 25); Acer (site 59); and Quercus (site 60); E. Lay 94-0004 [NY], E. Lay 94-0110 [NY], E. Lay 94-0003 [NY], E. Lay 94-0002 [NY], more...
Infrequent, Found growing robustly in mowed grass strip along old taxiways (site 11), and in the mowed grass around the S.E. end of N.W.-S.E. runway (site 6); P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, In soils of closely mowed grasses with other Cladonias (site 1) and the less frequently mowed grasses of the applie orchard (site 13); P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Less frequent, In soil of mixed dry and wet deciduous stands (sites 23, 56, 59); in soils of restored grasses of "old burning plane practice" site (site 98); and on old Quercus stumps and lignin (sites 49, 56)
Frequent, Common in the mowed meadows and grass strips around the runways (sites 1, 2, 5, 11, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105-107); in clearings of wooded areas (sites 17, 23, 91); in the old cranberry bogs (site 14, 59); on restored grasses of "burning plane practice" site (site 98); in disturbed sites (site 57); P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH], P. F. May 1267A [FH]
Less frequent, Fide Ahti. In sandy soils of grasses (sites 86, 100, 106, 107); in herbaceous clearings and lignin in wooded areas (sites 17, 56); on Quercus (site 18); on dead moss (site 22); in exposed disturbed soils with other Cladonias (site 56); and on old stump (site 56); P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Very frequent, Found in many color forms. Undoubtedly one of the most common fruticose lichens on the base. It consolidates the sandy soils of both the mowed grasses and herbaceous disturbed sites (sites 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17, 23, 40, 42, 56, 57, 59, 64, 86-94, 96-108); grows on lignin of small twigs, branches and logs (sites 17, 19, 22, 23, 25, 58), old pine cones (site 91), railroad ties (site 54), dead red pine needles (site 52), grass stubble (site 11); and solid burn residues of "burning plane exercise" area (site 98); and on woody polypores growing out of railroad ties (site 59); E. Lay 94-0777 [NY], E. Lay 94-0771 [NY], E. Lay 94-0778 [NY], E. Lay 94-0775 [NY], more...
Less frequent, On logs in red maple swamp and mixed deciduous stand (sites 20, 23); in soils of mowed grasses (sites 86, 100); and the bark of Quercus, Prunus and Pinus resinosa (sites 16, 18, 19); E. Lay 94-0207 [NY], P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, In soil of "burning plane practice site" (site 98), and on humus in clearing in woodlot (site 17)
Less frequent, Growing intermixed with other Cladonia's such as C. cristatella in grasses (1, 3, 5, 6, 11, 99, 100, 104); on downed log in mixed hardwood stand (25); and in disturbed mossy bank of drainage culvert leading into Willimansett Creek (64).; P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Very frequent, Collected at 31 sites, growing most frequently in mixed Cladonia mats in the sandy soils of the mowed grasses (1-5, 7, 57, 88, 89, 93, 96, 97, 99-108); in sandy disturbed sites an embankments (10, 56, 57, 93); on asbestos pipes (57); on the bark of fallen Prunus serotina (16); on the base of a Quercus (17); on the lignin of logs (56, 64); on humus (52); in soil in more shaded mixed hardwood lots (17); on the ground in the apple orchard (13); in soils of bogs (14, 59).; E. Lay 94-0209 [NY], P. F. May 1210 [FH]
Less frequent, On the bark of Prunus serotina; on the lignin of felled Pinus resinosa; on lignin of hardwoods; on solidified combustion products; and in the soils of disturbed sites and grasses.
Less frequent, Growing with other lignicolous and terricolous lichens in soil; and on old pine cones.
Frequent, Common in soil of grasses and wooded areas (sites 1, 3, 5, 6, 11, 14, 19, 23, 40, 56, 57, 59, 64, 100, 103, 104, 107); on lumber and logs (sites 17, 18, 23, 25, 56 and 57); on Pinus resinosa bark (site 18); on dead Prunus (site 22); on Quercus (site 16); on bark (sites 92, 95); and on piece of discarded asbestos pipe (site 57)
Less frequent, In the sandy soils of mowed grasses; disturbed open areas; in soil and on log in mixed, wet hardwood stands; in moss growing over rubble pile.; P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, In soils of mowed grasses.
Less frequent, Often found fruiting and robust, this soil Cladonia was found growing in the mowed grasses; especially robust in the sandy disturbed sites; and growing in the mix of soil and combustion products of the "burning plane" practice site.; E. Lay 94-0814 [NY], E. Lay 94-0813 [NY], E. Lay 94-0290 [NY], P. F. May 1217 [FH]
Frequent, Collected at 25 localities, sites favoured by this species on the base are the soils in open, mowed grasses; disturbed sites; sandy edges along railroad bed; and in clearings in woodlots. It was also found growing on pieces of asbestos and on lignin of a log.; P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH], P. F. May 1264 [FH]
Less frequent, Found most often in the soils of mowed grasses, this lichen was also found in the soils of the old cranberry bog; a clearing in a mixed hardwood stand; and in the apple orchard. One collection was made on discarded asphalt.; P. F. May 1213A [FH]
Infrequent, Robust colonies with podetia in soils of mowed grass and in disturbed sites.; P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Frequent, Robust and fertile and most sites, this Cladonia was found growing on the soil in the mowed grasses aroiund the runways; in the soils of distrubed and wooded sites; in the maintained grounds around a building; on a piece of discarded cement; in the humus and soils of cranberry bogs; and in the grasses of the orchard.; E. Lay 94-0815 [NY], E. Lay 94-0816 [NY], P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Less frequent, In mowed grasses with mossy patches (sites 6, 16, 99); in clearing of mixed hardwood stand (site 17); in very sandy disturbed soil with extensive secondary growth and large mats of Cladonias (site 57); in grasses of railroad embankment (site 40); P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH], P. F. May 1244 [FH]
Infrequent, In grassy clearing of mixed deciduous woods (site 17) and in mowed grass with other Cladonias (site 6). Only few podetia found at each site
Frequent, This soil binding lichen prefers disturbed soils of grasses and edges of wooded sites. Coverage ranges from extensive mats to isolated patches in Cladonia mats.; E. Lay 94-0011 [NY], E. Lay 94-0766 [NY], E. Lay 94-616 [FH], P. F. May 1225 [FH]
Less frequent, Found characteristically growing on the squamules of Cladonia's, this lichen was also found growing on burnt wood and on bark.; E. Lay 94-0780 [NY], E. Lay 94-0779 [NY], P. F. May 1214 [FH]
Infrequent, On shaded discarded mortar and concrete in mixed hardwood stands.; P. F. May 1333 [FH], E. Lay 94-0123 [FH], P. F. May 1334 [FH]
Less frequent, One of the few corticolous fruticose lichens found on the base. The largest specimens of this species were found on the branches of dying Prunus serotina on the edges of woodlots; a small thallus was identified on the lignin of Vaccinium; at the base of Quercus; and on Rhus.; E. Lay 94-0124 [FH]
Frequent, Though the size and vigor of the thalli varied, this bark lichen was found on virtually every deciduous tree species on the base: Acer, Quercus, Prunus, and Populus in both exposed and more shaded sites.; E. Lay 94-0025 [NY], E. Lay 94-0214 [NY], E. Lay 94-0023 [FH]
Infrequent, One collection of this species was made on Quercus.
Infrequent, One collection of this species was made on Quercus.; E. Lay 94-0293 [FH]
Less frequent, Though the colonies observed were not large, this lichen was collected most frequently on Pinus resinosa bark, followed by Acer, and finally Quercus. It was collected on lignin at three sites.; E. Lay 94-0126 [NY], E. Lay 94-0027 [NY], E. Lay 94-0128 [NY], E. Lay 94-0125 [NY], more...
Less frequent, Variable in size and vigor and low in cover. Found on Prunus; Quercus; on bark; on fallen Populus; and on Pinus resinosa.; E. Lay 94-0133 [NY], E. Lay 94-0029 [NY], E. Lay 94-0132 [NY], E. Lay 94-0028 [NY], more...
Abundance not reported, On Acer saccharum; one collection of a Lecanora identifiable only to genus, even by Richard Harris.
Infrequent, This bark crustose lichen was only collected once, on Populus.; P. F. May 1331 [FH]
Frequent, This corticolous crustose species was collected on the bark of various deciduous tree species found growing on the base, both in exposed and shaded sites: on apple; on both live and dead Populus; on live, dead and diseased Prunus serotina; on Salix; on Acer; and on Quercus. It was also found once on Juniperus; Vaccinium corymbosum; and Thuja.; E. Lay 94-0841 [NY], E. Lay 94-0846 [NY], E. Lay 94-0847 [NY], E. Lay 94-0038 [NY], more...
Infrequent, On Pinus resinosa bark.; E. Lay 94-0929 [FH]
Frequent, Most collections of this species were made on pebbles lying on the surface of soils of mowed grasses and disturbed sites, and pebbles embedded in old discarded asphalt in wooded sites. Also found on a piece of sandstone embedded in the soil of the old cranberry bog and on a low wall; on a chunk of brick in the grass; on old stone rubble; and on lignin.; E. Lay 94-0141 [NY], E. Lay 94-0218 [NY], E. Lay 94-0217 [NY], E. Lay 94-0249 [NY], more...
Abundance not reported, On Acer rubrum in swamp; on Quercus in shaded mixed hardwood stand.; P. F. May 1353 [FH], E. Lay 94-0783 [FH], P. F. May 1491 [FH], P. F. May 1343 [FH]
Less frequent, Originally reported as L. lobificans. Collected at three sites on the bark of Quercus; Acer; and the base of Prunus.; P. F. May 1285A [FH]
Infrequent, Found on the base of Quercus rubrum; the base of Prunus serotina; and on the bark of Populus.
Infrequent, Originally reported as both L. caesioalba and L. neglecta. Found in small patches on Quercus.; P. F. May 1490 [FH]
Less frequent, Found intermixed with other corticolous foliose lichens, the thalli varied in size, vigor and cover. Found on the bark of live, diseased and dead Prunus serotina; on Populus deltoides and other Populus species; on Acer; on Vaccinium corymbosum in a cranberry bog; on Quercus; and on Rhus typhina growing through old asphalt pavement.; E. Lay 94-0033 [NY], E. Lay 94-0220 [NY], E. Lay 94-0143 [NY], E. Lay 94-0034 [NY], more...
Infrequent, On cherry lignin and on wood.
Infrequent, On old telephone pole.; E. Lay 94-0938 [FH]
Infrequent, On Pinus resinosa bark.
Infrequent, Originally reported as "M. cf. misella". One collection made on a rotting log.
Infrequent, A lignicolous crust found on barn beams; lignin; and Pinus resinosa.; E. Lay 94-0271 [FH]
Infrequent, Found on a sunbleached bone on the rocks of the railroad bed.
Less frequent, This calcareous crustose lichen was found at virtually every site with either cement pavement, discarded chunks of cement, and cement drainage buttresses and covers. It was also collected on deciduous bark and Acer bark.; E. Lay 94-0782 [FH], P. F. May 1334 [FH], E. Lay 94-0135 [FH]
Infrequent, On the bark of Acer.
Infrequent, One collection made on the bark of Acer.
Frequent, Found at 23 sites colonizing the trunks and canopy branches of virtually every deciduous tree species growing on the base in both open and shaded habitats: on apple; on Prunus serotina; on Populus; on Acer; and on Quercus. Also found on an old stump, and on Vaccinium corymbosum in a cranberry bog. Collected once on birch, a tree with acidic bark.; E. Lay 94-0223 [NY], E. Lay 94-0041 [NY], P. F. May 1289A [FH]
Infrequent, One collection made on Quercus.
Infrequent, Small thalli in moist soil patches of mowed grasses.; E. Lay 94-0239 [FH]
Infrequent, Colonizing Trichaptum biformis on dead Betula and snag.; P. F. May 1497 [FH]
Frequent, Found at twenty sites colonizing the bark of deciduous trees: on Quercus; apple; Populus; Prunus; Acer; and abundantly on Salix in wet wooded drainage ditch. Also found on discarded concrete and on discarded asbestos pipe. One collection was made on Rhus typhina.; E. Lay 94-0240 [NY], E. Lay 94-0047 [NY], E. Lay 94-0149 [NY], E. Lay 94-0014 [NY], more...
Less frequent, Ths species was collected on moss covered discarded concrete and concrete structures. It was also collected on Populus; on apple bark; and on the bark of Juniperus. One collection was made on Rhus typhina.; E. Lay 94-0227 [NY], E. Lay 94-0152 [NY], E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH], P. F. May 1309 [FH]
Less frequent, Four collections of this foliose lichen were made: one on a log; one on bark; one on the bark of Acer; and one on the bar of Quercus.; E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, Collected once on a piece of discarded building cement in a shaded, mixed hardwood stand.
Very frequent, Collected at 24 sxites as robust fertile thalli and as fragmentary colonies growing intermixed with other bark and lignin lichens. This species is ubiquitous on the base. Collections were made on apple; on Acer; on Populus; on Salix; on old Catalpa; on Thuja; on Carya; on Juniperus; and on Betula. Collections were also made on leather, on concrete, and logs and snags.; E. Lay 94-0228 [NY], E. Lay 94-0299 [NY], E. Lay 94-0053 [NY], E. Lay 94-0297 [NY], more...
Infrequent, One collection made on a piece of cement rubble in a rubble pile.
Frequent, This grey foliose lichen has colonized all of the most common deciduous tree species on the base. The colonies vary from depauperate and small to robust, fertile and extensive. Common on Populus; apple; Acer; and Quercus. Also collected on Carya, Juniperus, Vaccinium corymbosum; Prunus; and lignin.; E. Lay 94-0157 [NY], E. Lay 94-0055 [NY], E. Lay 94-0159 [NY], E. Lay 94-0162 [NY], more...
Infrequent, A few colonies on large granite rocks of drainage trough.; E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, Small thalli on the bark of Populus and on old cement rubble.; E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, This specimen was redetermined as Physconia leucoleiptes by Phil May in 1997 (see annotation slip on specimen). Colonizing a discarded piece of cement and the bark of an oak tree.; E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
This record is the voucher for E. Lay 1994-00-00 (FH) listed for P. detersa above.
Less frequent, Lignin is a favored substrate for this species. On the base, it was found on decomposing mosses and soil in mowed grasses; on weathered railroad ties; on old logs and wood; on Pinus resinosa lignin; on Prunus serotina lignin and bark; on woody polypores growing on railroad ties; in mosses at the base of an Acer; and on moss over rubble.; E. Lay 94-0057 [NY], P. F. May 1348A [FH], E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
Less frequent, This soil binding lichen was found in scattered patches of the sandy soils of mowed grasses; disturbed sites; the sandy soils of an old cranberry bog; and in the soils of the restored grasses old "burning plane" exercise site.; E. Lay 1994-00-00 [FH]
Less frequent, In humus and soil of mowed grasses and disturbed sites; on old barn beams; on old railroad ties and bleached red pine needle litter in the railroad bed; on the bark of Quercus; on solidified combustion products; and on various forms of lignin.; E. Lay 94-0276 [NY], P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, On granite rocks along culvert walls of Willimansett Brook.; E. Lay [FH]
Infrequent, On the bark of Acer rubrum and Quercus.; P. F. May 1994-00-00 [FH]
Infrequent, A soil binder in sandy sites colonized by other soil lichens and mosses.; P. F. May 1250 [FH]
Less frequent, Originally reported as "R. glauca". On the bark of Rhus typhina, Populus deltoides; Acer; Quercus; apple; and other deciduous trees.; E. Lay [FH], E. Lay [FH]
Infrequent, On old concrete slabs (site 10); a piece of mortar in railroad bed (site 40); cement of drainage culvert (site 99); and on discarded concrete in rubble pile (site 50)
Infrequent, This endolithic lichen was found on concrete rubble and building foundations as well as on discarded mortar in the railroad bed.; E. Lay [FH]
Frequent, Found at 22 sites on the base on the bark and lignin of virtually every hardwood and pine species growing on the base. On Pinus resinosa; on Pinus strobus; on Prunus serotina; on Quercus; and on Populus. Found also on discarded barn beams; the lignin of stumps; old telephone poles; on shrubs such as Vaccinium corymbosum; on Rhus typhina; and on bark.; E. Lay 94-0187 [NY], E. Lay 94-0543 [NY], E. Lay 94-0182 [NY], E. Lay 94-0181 [NY], more...
Less frequent, This scurfy crust colonizes shaded lignin, mortar, sandstone, and granite. It was also collected on an old Acer on the maintained base grounds.; E. Lay [FH]
Less frequent, The substrates for this tiny, yellow lichen were found to include leather; discarded, weathered barn beams; cobble in asphalt; pebbles in grasses; solidified pieces of combustion materials; red granite rocks in the railroad bed; woody lignin; and lignicolous polypores.; E. Lay 94-0190 [NY], E. Lay 94-0189 [NY], E. Lay 94-0794 [NY], E. Lay 94-0204 [NY], more...
Less frequent, On pebbles in sandy soils and on brick.
Less frequent, On pebbles in sandy soils of grasses and the sandy edges of the railroad bed, and on scattered chunks of red sandstone.; E. Lay 94-0199 [NY], E. Lay 94-0236 [NY], E. Lay 94-0196 [NY], E. Lay 94-0202 [NY], more...
Less frequent, Found most frequently on an array of lignicolous substrates and usually with other lignicolous lichen genera such as Cladonia, Scoliciosporum and Micarea. Collected on aged, discarded lumber and barn beams; on weathered railroad ties; on aged lignin of Pinus resinosa branches and logs; on burnt wood; on the bark and lignin of Prunus; on Acer rubrum; and on bark. Also found on a chunk of asphalt discarded in an old cranberry bog, and on woody polypores growing on discarded railroad ties.; E. Lay 94-0799 [NY], E. Lay 94-0795 [NY], E. Lay 94-0801 [NY], P. F. May 1354 [FH]
Less frequent, This common, lignicolous crust was found on decomposing railroad ties; woody polypores growing on railroad ties; cherry lignin; maple bark; miscellaneous lignin; soil; and apple bark. This species was frequently collected with T. flexuosa.
Infrequent, Found once on the bark of a large Carya.
Less frequent, Collected most frequently on the bark of Populus, this crustose lichen was also found on the bark of dead Prunus. It was also collected on the bark of Acer, and on the branches of Vaccinium corymbosum.; E. Lay 94-0176 [NY], E. Lay 94-0069 [NY], E. Lay 94-0173 [NY], E. Lay 94-0252 [NY], more...
Infrequent, A very small thallus found on the main branches of Rhus typhina growing in an abandoned garage area.; E. Lay 94-0238 [FH]
Less frequent, Mostly scattered small thalli on the bark of deciduous trees such as Acer and other trees, and on discarded pieces of mortar.; E. Lay 94-0068 [FH]
Infrequent, On moist sandstone in woods and on moss-covered concrete rubble in shaded woods.
Infrequent, On damp pieces of discarded, old mortar.
Infrequent, Found once on bark in mixed hardwood stand.; E. Lay [FH]
Infrequent, Found on one of the few granite substrates on the base, a granite boulder War Memorial. Also on sandstone rocks of a low garden wall along a building.; E. Lay [FH]
Less frequent, Common in the New England area, this lichen was only found at a few sites on the base because of the absence of suitable substrates. On old asphalt, concrete and stone rubble in wooded areas; on sandstone rock wall along building; and on rock in railroad bed.; P. F. May [FH]